What is macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration (AMD) is sustained damage to the retina that affects the center of the visual field, called the macula. AMD comes in two types: “wet” and “dry.” Wet AMD is the result of abnormal vascularization that may bleed or leak. The more common of the two, dry AMD, is the result of thinning macular tissues and/or pigment deposits in the macula that indicate deteriorating tissue.
Is macular degeneration serious?
Macular degeneration is a very serious vision condition and the leading cause of blindness in Americans age 65 and older. Macular degeneration requires immediate, professional treatment by a board-certified ophthalmologist who can evaluate, diagnose, and treat your vision condition in order to preserve your sight.
Might I have vision loss and not know it?
It is possible to have the beginning stages of the disease and be unaware. Fortunately, a routine eye exam, including a thorough retinal exam, can detect AMD even before symptoms are noted. The Amsler grid is a sensitive test that may reveal central vision loss before your physician sees macular degeneration during the routine eye exam.
Is macular degeneration strictly an old person’s disease?
Though the disease is more prevalent in the senior population, there are other factors that impact your risk for this disease including genetics, race, gender, and a family history of the disease. Smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and a high fat diet may also be factors.
How can I prevent macular degeneration or lessen the severity?
The best prevention is taking care of your overall health. Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A, E and C, and the nutrients zinc, lutein and zeaxanthin appear to help to stave off macular degeneration. Good full spectrum UV protection is always recommended.
What if I think I have macular degeneration?
See Edison ophthalmologists, Dr. Hitesh K. Patel and Dr. Himanshu S. Shah immediately for tests to determine whether you are developing the condition. Macular degeneration happens over time, so it is important to see the doctor for early diagnosis and treatment in order to preserve as much of your sight as possible.
To learn more about treatments for macular degeneration please contact our ophthalmologists in Edison, New Jersey today to schedule your initial consultation. Patel eye Associates serve patients in New Brunswick, Edison and Middlesex County, New Jersey.