Serving Edison and New Brunswick, New Jersey and all areas in Middlesex County, NJ
Glaucoma is an eye condition caused by a build-up of pressure inside your eye. Over time, this pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting images to the brain. If untreated, glaucoma will ultimately lead to permanent vision loss. It is the second leading cause of blindness among Americans.
Often, glaucoma is referred to as “the silent thief of sight” because very few symptoms are present until damage to the optic nerve results in noticeable vision loss. Therefore, it is crucial that you go for regular glaucoma screenings at least once every two years once you reach the age of 40.
Types of Glaucoma
There are two primary types of glaucoma:
- Primary open-angle glaucoma – This is the most common form of glaucoma. It occurs when fluid in the eye does not flow properly through the eye’s drainage channel.
- Acute angle-closure glaucoma – This condition causes a sudden buildup of pressure in the eye. It occurs when drainage is impacted by the angle between the iris and cornea being too narrow, or when the pupil opens too wide, preventing fluid from flowing through the drainage channel.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
The following symptoms may indicate that you are suffering from glaucoma:
- Gradual loss of peripheral vision
- Tunnel vision (in more advanced stages)
- Severe eye pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Halos around lights
- Eye redness
Generally, you will not experience any symptoms until your condition has become serious enough to impact your vision. This is particularly true in cases of primary open-angle glaucoma.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to have your eyes examined by an ophthalmologist immediately. By delaying treatment, you risk permanent eye damage.
Depending on the severity of your condition, ophthalmologist in Edison, Dr. Hitesh K. Patel may recommend one of the following treatments:
- Eye drops
- Laser surgery
- Drainage implants
Dr. Patel also regularly performs endoscopic laser photocoagulation, a procedure which enables him to treat cataracts and glaucoma at the same time.